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Hero Familiy of Dental Vision & Orthodontics Practices

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Hero Familiy of Dental Vision & Orthodontics Practices

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Frequently asked questions about children's dental health ?

Here are some common questions

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Give us a call (888) 570-6991

How do I prevent tooth decay?

Tooth decay can be prevented with a combination of healthy diet, proper daily teeth cleaning and regular dental hygiene visits. Establish a relationship with a dentist around your child’s first birthday, so the dentist can monitor your child’s dental health and help you prevent tooth decay. At home, be sure your child brushes after breakfast and before bedtime every day for at least two minutes. Limit your child’s intake of sugary food and drinks, and starchy, refined carbohydrates.

Flossing is important when adjacent teeth are in contact. Bring your child to the dentist office for regular dental check-ups for fluoride treatments and dental sealants as an extra layer of protection.

Get more tips on how to prevent tooth decay

What foods cause cavities?

Foods high in sugars and starches feed the plaque that can cause tooth decay. Sticky candies like lollipops, caramels and jelly beans are particularly harmful, but cookies, chips and other starches can be equally harmful because they break down into simple sugars. Carbonated and non-carbonated soft drinks and fruit juice contain lots of sugar and acids that can wear away tooth enamel.

Also, note, fruit and other foods can be healthy to eat, but also contains large amounts of natural sugar which can lead to dental cavities. Encourage your child to brush or wash their mouth out with water after consuming any of these foods.

Learn more about how to prevent cavities

What is a dental sealant and who should get it?

A dental sealant is a thin, plastic coating applied to teeth with ridges and grooves, typically the molar teeth. Bacteria and bits of food can collect in the pits and cracks—or fissures—in the teeth. These are areas where toothbrush bristles can’t reach. A sealant helps protect the chewing surfaces of adult molars against decay.

Sealants are recommended for children with high risk of decay as soon as adult molars come in, or “erupt.” Sealants are typically placed on the six-year and twelve-year molars. Dental sealants can partially wear off or come away over time, so it is important to keep up with regular dental visits so that the dentist can monitor wear and reapply as necessary.

Sealants are recommended by dentists because they are extremely effective. In fact, the CDC recently found that sealants prevent 80 percent of cavities in molars. Many cavities occur in molars, so protecting those teeth is critical.

Learn more about dental sealants

Why should I fill cavities on baby teeth?

There are two reasons why restoring cavities on baby teeth is important.

(1) Untreated decay in a single tooth can harbor bacteria which can affect nearby teeth and, if left untreated, may affect the permanent tooth developing beneath the baby tooth. This can lead to pain, infection, tooth loss and gum disease and other serious health conditions.

(2) In addition, baby teeth fulfill very important growth functions for kids. They help children develop proper chewing habits, speech and, most importantly, they hold the space for developing adult teeth. If kids lose baby teeth prematurely due to cavities, this may impact the ability of the adult teeth to come in (“erupt”) and create a future complications with tooth alignment and function – potentially requiring orthodontic care to correct.

Learn more about children's cavities and fillings

How safe are dental X-rays?

Dental x-rays are among the safest medical x-rays to receive. In fact, children are exposed to more radiation just walking outside in the sun than from an x-ray administered in a dentist’s office. Advances in dental x-ray technology have made the beams from x-rays extremely focused, limiting nearly all scatter radiation. In our practice, we use state of the art equipment designed for the safety of all of our patients. Talk to your dentist about any concerns you may have.

Learn more about dental x-rays for children

Are thumb-sucking and/or pacifiers harmful for a child's teeth?

They can be. Vigorous thumb-sucking, extensive pacifier use and prolonged use of baby bottles can negatively impact teeth alignment and the healthy growth of a child’s mouth. Talk to your dentist for tips on how to encourage your child to kick the sucking habit.

What should I use to clean my baby's gums and prepare for teeth?

You can clean your baby’s teeth with a small, soft bristle toothbrush, scrubbing each tooth surface gently and thoroughly. If the teeth have not yet erupted, use a clean, soft cloth to wipe your child’s gums after each feeding.

Learn more about caring for your child's teeth:

Dental health timeline
9 tips to prevent tooth decay
Regular dental cleanings and exams

Toothpaste: When should we begin using it and how much should we use?

Toothpaste can be used from the appearance of your baby’s first tooth. Choose a toothpaste specifically formulated for the age of your child. Child appropriate dental hygiene products (toothpaste, mouth rinse) have lower fluoride levels and come in flavors that kids enjoy. At the beginning, use no more than the length of a grain of rice because babies don’t know how to expectorate on demand. You can work up to a pea-sized portion as your toddler grows.

Your child's dental health timeline

How often does my child need to see the dentist?

The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends that children should first see the dentist by one year (12 months) of age. Thereafter, children should see the dentist every six months unless otherwise directed by your dentist.

Learn more:

Regular dental cleanings and exams
Your child's dental health timeline

What does fluoride do for my child’s teeth?

Fluoride is a mineral that strengthens the enamel covering your teeth. Enamel is the white part of your teeth and the strongest material in the human body. Each day, the enamel goes through a process of demineralization, as acid-creating bacteria eat away at the surface of the teeth and fluoride helps rebuild the tooth’s protective mineral layer.

Tap water and tooth paste may serve as sources of fluoride for children to facilitate remineralization. In addition, we recommend fluoride treatments to help strengthen the enamel of both primary and permanent teeth. Our dentists will evaluate your child and may recommend fluoride varnish during a hygiene visit to coat your child’s teeth with a dose of concentrated fluoride. The purpose of this fluoride application is to help protect and re-mineralize areas of a tooth that may be at risk of developing decay.

Learn more about the importance of fluoride for preventing tooth decay

Why is my child being recommended for general anesthesia?

General anesthesia for dentistry is necessary when a child will not be able to cooperate for an extensive dental procedures. General anesthesia is a controlled state of unconsciousness that permits a child to have all of their dental treatment completed in one visit with no recollection of the procedure. Select practices offer general anesthesia performed on location by a licensed anesthesiologist.

We are committed to helping families establish lifelong dental health, and we want children to have positive experiences with the dentist at early ages so kids can have optimal dental health as they grow into adulthood. That is why our dentists work with parents to find the dental sedation options that will best meet their child’s dental and developmental needs.

Learn more about dental sedation options for children

When to use local anesthesia for children?

The best choice of dental sedation or anesthesia for kids depends on several factors including the child’s age, temperament, and the amount of treatment required. Local anesthetics like lidocaine can be applied topically or injected into the gums to numb an area of the mouth.

Under the influence of local anesthetic, the area of the mouth anesthetized will not experience any sensation of pain. With use of local anesthetics, the patient is fully conscious and although, the child should not feel pain, they may still experience an element of anxiety associated with the operative

Learn more about the full spectrum of dental sedation for children

When should I take my child to the dentist for the first check-up?

Your child should visit the dentist in the time frame between the eruption of their first tooth (around six months of age), and their first birthday (12 months of age).

Learn more:

Your child's dental health timeline
Preventing childhood tooth decay

What dental care is covered by Medicaid?

Medicaid generally covers all needed preventive and operative dental care for children from six months to 20 years of age.

This includes twice annual dental cleanings, exams and x-rays plus fluoride treatments and sealants, fillings, crowns, spacers and other treatment that may be required to maintain or restore dental health.

What should I do if my child has a toothache?

A toothache can stem from a number of factors. Often, the toothache is caused by a cavity or an injury to the tooth – both situations may require dental treatment.

If your child has a toothache or trauma (injury) to a tooth, please contact your dentist as soon as possible so your child can be evaluated and proper steps can be taken to address your child’s specific dental needs.

Frequently asked questions about children's vision?

Can’t find the answer you’re looking for?
Give us a call (888) 570-6991

Are eyeglasses covered by Medicaid?

Yes, children’s glasses are fully covered by Medicaid. We carry over 350 Medicaid-approved frames, so you can get your child the perfect pair of glasses for little or no cost to you.

If my child passed a vision screening at school does she still need an eye exam?

Yes, she still needs a comprehensive eye exam from an optometrist with the training and equipment to detect the full range of potential childhood vision issues. Vision screenings at school typically only test for nearsightedness and are not capable of identifying more serious eye conditions. One in four children may have a vision issue that could impair development and success at school. All children should undergo eye exams every one to two years started from the time they reach six months.

Learn more about the importance of regular eye exams for children

What do I do if my child gets something in their eye?

Foreign bodies on the surface of the eye should be treated with great care. Do not try to remove except by flushing with water or saline solution for risk of scratching the surface of the eye. Position your child’s head over the sink and gently pour lukewarm water over the affected eye for up to 15 minutes. If an object is embedded in the eye, seek emergency medical support.

What is nearsightedness?

Nearsightedness, or myopia, is a refractive disorder that impacts the eye’s ability to focus on objects that are far away. An eye affected with nearsightedness is either too long or the cornea is too steep, which means that light rays will focus in front of the retina instead of directly on it. Being nearsighted, therefore, means that close objects are in focus while distant ones are not.

Learn more:

Common childhood eye problems
How to know if your child needs glasses

What is farsightedness?

Farsighted vision, hyperopia, is disorder that impacts the eye’s ability to use refracted light to focus on objects that are close up. An eye affected with farsightedness is either too short or the cornea is too flat, which means that light rays will focus behind the retina instead of directly on it. With hyperopia, therefore, distant objects are clear while close ones are out of focus. Farsightedness in kids can be difficult to diagnose because farsightedness impacts people differently. For some, it may only become apparent when they are trying to read. For others, all objects near and far might appear blurry.

Learn more about common childhood vision problems

What to do for a black eye?

If you child has received minor eye trauma from a fall, sporting accident or other cause, apply a cold compress for five to 10 minutes several times an hour. Do not put ice directly on the skin, instead wrap with a towel or sock. If pain ensues, give a proper dose of acetaminophen. Call your doctor if your child experiences any changes in vision, visible abnormalities to the eyeball, or drainage from the eye.

Learn more about common childhood eye problems

What if my child loses or breaks his glasses?

We can usually repair or replace broken frames within five days, but it is always good to have a backup pair available if something should occur to your child’s primary pair of glasses. Medicaid covers the full cost of replacement glasses for children, so there is always a way to get another pair of frames.

Learn more about:

Glasses for children
Getting kids to wear glasses

What is astigmatism?

Astigmatism is a common refractive disorder that affects either the shape of the cornea or the shape of the lens. For both near and far objects, vision can be blurred because the affected eye cannot focus. Astigmatism can coexist with both nearsightedness and farsightedness and should be corrected as soon as it is diagnosed. Astigmatism in kids can be difficult to diagnose because children with astigmatism sometimes don’t recognize the blurriness they see as a condition worth reporting. Comprehensive eye exams are necessary for a correct diagnosis and to rule out other eye concerns.

Learn more:

Common childhood vision problems
How to know if you child needs glasses

How can I get my toddler to keep her glasses on?

Trying to ensure that young children stick to their vision treatment plan can be very tricky. First make sure their glasses fit perfectly. If the glasses aren’t comfortable, the child will naturally want to take them off. Use elastic straps to help keep the glasses in place. Next, try to make wearing glasses fun—find a favorite cartoon character with glasses like SpongeBob or the Minions, and fit some glasses on the child’s dolls. Reward and praise your child for wearing their glasses a little longer each day, and be a role model by wearing glasses yourself. Here are some more tips on how to get your child to wear their glasses.

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